By MEREDITH DELISO, ABC News
(WASHINGTON) — Preliminary exit poll results are offering a look at demographic information about voters and their views on key issues in the 2020 election.
ABC News is providing key insights on national and state exit poll results throughout the night. Numbers are subject to change. Please refresh this page for updates.
9:50 p.m.: Independent voters shift to Biden in Texas
Independent voters are splitting 53%-43% Biden-Trump in Texas in preliminary exit poll results, compared to 2016 when Trump had a 14-point lead among those voters in the potential battleground state. The shift is more pronounced among independent men, which Biden leads by 7 points in preliminary results compared to Trump’s 28-point lead four years ago.
Trump leads in college-educated white voters 55%-44% in these preliminary exit poll results, though by a much smaller margin than he did in 2016, when it was 31 points.
More first-time voters in Texas are casting their ballot for Biden, according to the preliminary results, at 57% to Trump’s 41%.
Trump’s stronghold among suburban Texans remains little changed. Suburban voters divide 57%-42% Trump-Biden in preliminary results, little changed from Trump’s 58%-37% lead four years ago in the state.
9:40 p.m.: Number of MI suburban voters is up from 2016
Four years after Trump narrowly won midwestern battleground state Michigan thanks to support from suburbanites and voters in union households, preliminary exit polls show that the number of suburbanites casting votes in the state has grown from 50% to 55% since 2016.
The outcome in Michigan may hinge on whether Biden can improve his support among union household voters, according to preliminary results.
Four years ago, Trump secured the White House after he won Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin — winning Michigan by only 10,704 votes, the narrowest margin of any state.
9:25 p.m.: AZ voters have favorable opinion of Biden over Trump
Half of voters in the battleground state of Arizona have a favorable opinion of Biden, according to preliminary exit poll results, compared to 41% for Hillary Clinton in 2016. For Trump, that number is 45% in preliminary results — up from 41% four years ago.
Arizona’s college-educated white voters, who traditionally have voted Republican in in presidential elections since 2000, are breaking for Biden 55%-44%, while Trump leads among white voters without college degrees, in preliminary results.
As expected, independent voters will likely be key in deciding the state. At 41%, they outnumber Republicans by 8 points and Democrats by 14 points in preliminary exit poll results. In 1996, that number was 18%.
9 p.m.: College-educated white voters break for Biden in NC
In the swing state of North Carolina, Biden picked up more independent, moderate and college-educated white voters than Hillary Clinton did in 2016, preliminary exit poll results show.
College-educated white voters divided 50%-48% Biden-Trump, according to preliminary results, which is a reversal from Trump’s 19-point win among this demographic in 2016.
Independent voters split 49%-43% Biden-Trump in these preliminary results, compared to Trump’s 53%-37% win in this group four years ago.
Moderates broke for Clinton by 20 points in 2016 (57%-37%). Today, it’s 65%-29% Biden-Trump based on these preliminary results.
Trump, who won North Carolina by 4 percentage points in 2016, relies on the state’s large conservative, rural and white evangelical populations.
Slightly more voters have a favorable opinion of Trump (46%) than they did in 2016 (41%), according to preliminary numbers. That number is slightly higher for Biden (49%) in the preliminary results.
8:45 p.m.: Trump’s approval rating in PA slightly higher than nationally
In the key battleground state of Pennsylvania, preliminary exit poll results show that nearly half of voters — 48% — approve of how Trump is handling the country, while 52% disapprove. Trump’s approval rating in the state is slightly higher than his 47%-52% approval rating nationally.
Key factors among Pennsylvania voters include the pandemic, the economy, and race.
Even while spared the worst of the current surge of COVID-19 cases, 52% of Pennsylvania voters say the U.S. response to the pandemic is going badly, including 34% who say it’s going very badly. In these preliminary exit poll results, 53% of voters prioritize containing the virus now even if it hurts the economy. Similar to national results, voters are evenly divided, 49%-49%, on which candidate would do a better job handling the economy.
With protests in Philadelphia the past week after the fatal police shooting of Walter Wallace Jr., race is another important issue in Pennsylvania, with three-fourths — 75%– of Pennsylvania voters say racism is an important problem.
8:35 p.m.: Ohio favors Trump on economy
In the battleground state of Ohio, more voters say they prefer Trump over Biden to handle the economy, 56% to 42%, preliminary exit poll results show.
Additionally, 54% say the economy is in good shape, according to preliminary results. This number dropped sharply from 2018, when it was 74%, but is an improvement over 2016, when it was 34%.
More voters also say they’re better off today than they were four years ago (44%), compared to those who say they’re worse off (19%), according to preliminary data.
8:20 p.m.: Florida more favorable of Trump than national, PA voters
In Florida, a key battleground state for President Trump, 54% of the state’s voters say they approve of how he is handling his job in preliminary exit poll results.
That’s seven points higher than his approval nationally (47%), and 6 points higher than in another closely watched battleground — Pennsylvania (48%) — according to preliminary results.
8:10 p.m.: Majority favors BLM, thinks racism is important problem
Most voters — 71% — call racism in the United States the most important or “one of many important problems,” according to preliminary exit poll results.
Voters in the preliminary results also expressed more favorable than unfavorable views of the Black Lives Matter movement, 58% to 36%.
8 p.m.: Voters less dissatisfied with government than in 2016
A majority of voters — 58% — in preliminary exit poll results say they are dissatisfied or angry with the way the federal government works. This number has slightly decreased since 2016, when it was 68% in the national exit poll.
Today, more Democrats (78%) are dissatisfied or angry with the government than Republicans (31%), according to preliminary data. In 2016, Republicans were more apt to be dissatisfied or angry, with 84%, compared to 49% of Democrats.
7:35 p.m.: Most favor containing virus over rebuilding economy
The pandemic is a recurring question in national exit polls, and preliminary results show that voters prioritize managing it — but don’t think the response is going well so far.
A majority — 52% — responded that it was more important to contain the coronavirus, while 42% said that rebuilding the economy was more important, even if that hurts efforts to control the virus, according to preliminary exit poll results. Former Vice President Joe Biden has advocated for the former, while President Donald Trump has urged states to reopen.
Overall views on the United States’ pandemic response are nearly split, with 51% saying it’s been going badly and 48% saying it’s been going well, according to preliminary results. Around 35% responded that they thought the United States’ efforts to control the pandemic were going “very badly,” while 18% said it was going “very well,” preliminary data shows.
Voters also spoke to mask-wearing, which has become politicized during the country’s response to the pandemic. Nearly one-third of respondents — 68% — in preliminary results said they consider wearing a mask more of a public health responsibility, compared with 30% who see it as more of a personal choice.
7 p.m.: More votes cast early versus on Election Day this year
As was anticipated based on this pandemic election, more people have voted early — including via mail-in ballots and in-person voting — than voted on Election Day itself, preliminary exit poll data shows.
This year saw early voting options expand in numerous states due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and a record number of early votes have been cast.
In preliminary exit poll results, nearly two-thirds of voters — 64% — are estimated to have voted early, with a slightly higher percentage voting by mail (34%) over early in-person voting (30%). A minority — 36% — voted on Election Day itself, preliminary data shows.
The preliminary data reverses how people voted in 2016, when a majority — 59% — voted on Election Day and 42% voted early in-person or via absentee ballot, according to the U.S. Election Assistance Commission.
6:15 p.m.: Economy the most important issue
Among five issues listed as most important, preliminary exit poll results found that 34% of voters said their top issue was the economy, in a year marked by a severe recession and record levels of unemployment due to the coronavirus pandemic.
After that, 21% said the most important issue was racial inequality, with 2020 seeing waves of protest nationwide following the death of George Floyd.
Another 18% put their top issue as the coronavirus pandemic itself. Crime/safety and health care policy rounded out the five issues, with 11% each.
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